As noted by Dr. Koksidis, "soft" power policies complement traditional "hard" power policies based on military, diplomatic and economic dependence. In the second part of his research, Koktsidis examines how corresponding policies are implemented in the Balkans, and more specifically in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo, with the Muslim communities there being the main recipients. Through such a policy, Turkey attempts to strengthen its political and economic influence in an area crucial to its neo-Ottoman ambitions, as there live Muslim as well as Turkic populations with whom Ankara attempts to build an ideological and political relationship. hegemony.

In his research, Dr. Koktsidis also examines in detail the means used by Turkey in order to promote its influence in the region, through a multidimensional policy that mobilizes tools and mechanisms it has established, for the promotion of religious and cultural diplomacy. Finally, Dr. Koktsidis attempts a comparative analysis of how these policies are implemented in the Balkans and in Cyprus, marking extremely interesting findings.