Questions & Answers
1The principle of sustainability: When and how did it first appear in the international system?
The aforementioned principle first appeared within the international system in the year 1972, when the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment took place in Stockholm. It refers to the...click here
2How did sustainable development become a global goal?
In 1987, the Brundtland Report gave priority to sustainable development. In particular, it made reference to the "interrelated crises" of the future global challenge, including poverty, unequal development, environmental degradation, resource depletion, economic crises and...click here
3What was the Rio Conference about, what are the 3 Conventions that were concluded and what is the priority of the international system?
The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held on June 3-14, 1992 in Rio de Janeiro (also known as the Earth Summit), recognized sustainable development as an achievable goal and acknowledged that incorporating and balancing economic, social and...click here
4When are measurable goals set for combating the effects of climate change?
The Kyoto Protocol was adopted on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005. This marked the entry into force of the United Nations Framework Convention on...click here
5Which are the Millennium Development Goals, why are they important and how do they promote sustainable development?
The Millennium Declaration Goals were set through the Millennium Declaration upon completion of the Millennium Summit that took place in New York on June 6-8, 2000 at the UN Headquarters. The Summit focused on the contribution of citizens towards the poorest countries to improve... click here
6What are the Sustainable Development Goals, why are they important and how do they promote sustainable development?
In 2015, the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which delivers a universal plan for peace and prosperity for the present and future. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are at the core of this plan and... click here
7Why is the Paris Agreement important?
It is important because it is a legally binding international agreement on climate change which was approved on December 12, 2015 and entered into force on November 4, 2016. It aims to reduce global warming, well below 2 degrees Celsius and... click here
8What is the European Green Agreement and what are its objectives?
The European Green Deal, announced on 11 December 2019, seeks to address the effects of climate change and environmental degradation. The goal is to achieve zero clean greenhouse gas emissions by... click here
9What about the Glasgow Agreement?
This Agreement was concluded in 2021 and concerns the paramount importance of the action and support of climate-related efforts within this decade. There is dialogue for providing the necessary funding to strengthen the efforts to tackle the... click here
10What are the 2020 goals?
The Climate and Energy Package includes additional legislation aimed at ensuring that its ambitious goals for climate and energy in 2020 are fulfilled by the EU. There are 3 key... click here
11What are the 2030 goals?
The Commission has proposed a climate and energy policy framework for the period 2020-2030 which should be based on the full implementation of the 2020 goals and in addition to the following... click here
12What are the 2050 goals?
The EU is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 80-95% from 1990 to 2050. A new direction is being set in its carbon emission ambitions providing more guarantees and greater certainty for... click here