In 2015, the United Nations adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which delivers a universal plan for peace and prosperity for the present and future. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are at the core of this plan and are a call to action for all countries without exception. It is becoming clear that eradicating poverty and other forms of deprivation must go hand in hand with strategies aimed at improving health and education, reducing inequalities, and strengthening economic growth. At the same time, special emphasis should be placed upon the issue of climate change and the protection of the oceans and forests.

The Sustainable Development Goals are set out as follows:

  • End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
  • Ensure healthy lives and promote wellbeing for all ages
  • Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
  • Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
  • Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
  • Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
  • Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
  • Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation


  • Reduce inequality within and among countries
  • Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
  • Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  • Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  • Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  • Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development