United States of America

Information on Elections

On November 8, 2022, a series of elections were held in the United States. All 435 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and 35 of the 100 seats in the U.S. Senate were contested for the midterm election, which took place during the term of Democratic Party incumbent president Joe Biden. The results determined the making of the 118th Congress. Additionally, several other state and local elections were held.

Electoral results

Senate elections:
Democrats 51, Republicans 49

House of Representatives elections:
Democracts 212, 48.3%, Republicans 222, 51.7%
Source: The Economist

About the electoral system

Senate elections: 35 of the Senate's 100 seats, including all 34 Class 3 seats, are up for election. In order to cover a vacancy from another Senate class, a special election is being held.

House of Representatives elections: There are elections for all 435 members in the House of Representatives. Systems are established at the state level because there is no federal legislation requiring a specific system for elections to the House of Representatives. As of this election, the following systems were in use, each in single-member districts: plurality voting in 46 states, instant-runoff voting in two states (Alaska and Maine), two-round system in two states (Georgia and Mississippi). Elected representatives serve a two-year term, with no term limit.

Selected articles

US midterm elections - a simple guide, 17 May, 2022 (BBC)

Law Enforcement Funding Package Splits Democrats Ahead of Midterm Elections, 19 September, 2022 (The New York Times)

Factbox: U.S. midterm elections: 12 governor races to watch, 16 September, 2022 (Reuters)

What 2022 tells us about the 2024 electoral map, 24 November, 2022 (POLITICO)

By the numbers: what we have learnt from the 2022 US midterm elections, 13 November, 2022 (Financial Times)