Information on elections

On 19 November, the 222 Dewan Rakyat members who make up the 15th Parliament of Malaysia were elected in the 2022 Malaysian general election, officially the 15th Malaysian general election.

Electoral results
Preliminary results:

Pakatan Harapan (alliance): 82 seats, 5,896,142 votes
Perikatan Nasional (alliance): 74 seats, 4,666,526 votes
Barisan Nasional (alliance): 30 seats, 3,455,762 votes
Gabungan Parti Sarawak (alliance): 23 seats, 662,601 votes
Gabungan Rakyat Sabah (alliance): 6 seats, 194,324 votes
Heritage Party: 3 seats, 281,732 votes
Social Democratic Harmony Party: 1 seat, 52,054 votes
Parti Bangsa Malaysia: 1 seat, 16,437 votes
Independents: 2 seats, 111,043 votes
Total: 222 seats, 15,517,227 votes

About the electoral system

Elections in Malaysia are conducted both at the federal and state levels. While state elections in each of the 13 states elect representatives to their respective state legislative assemblies, federal elections elect members of the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of Parliament. Because Malaysia uses the Westminster system of government, the head of state (the Menteri Besar/Chief Ministers at the state level and the Prime Minister at the federal level) is the person who has the confidence of the majority of legislators in that body. Typically, this is the leader of the party or coalition that holds the majority of the seats in the legislature.

Members of Parliament (MPs), also known as Dewan Rakyat's 222 members, are chosen for five-year terms. A single-member constituency is used to elect each MP, and the first-past-the-post voting method is used. A party has the right to form the government if it wins a majority of seats, and the leader of such party becomes the Prime Minister. A coalition or confidence and supply agreement with other parties may still be used to establish the government in the case of a hung parliament, in which no one party wins the majority of seats.
Source: IFES

Selected articles

Malaysia faces hung parliament in tight election race, 18 November, 2022 (CNBC)

Malaysia elects first ever hung parliament, 20 November, 2022 (BBC)

Malaysia election: Why isn't there a government yet?, 21 November, 2022 (BBC)
Vector work for the elections in malaysia