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    Area: 89,342 km2 (0,60% water)
    Coastline: 26 km
    Terrain: Highlands and valley to the west, desert plateau to the east
    Highest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami 1,854 m (on the border with Saudi Arabia)
    Climate: Mainly desert, rainy season in west Jordan between November – April
    Geographical population distribution: Over 95% of the population lives in the western half of the country, mainly in the northwest
    Natural resources: phosphate, potassium carbonate, shale oil


    Population: 10,203,140 (2020)

    Annual population growth: 1% (2020)

    Population estimate in 2025: 10,340,000

    Population distribution by age group (2020)
    0-14 – 33%
    15-64 – 63%

    65+ – 4%

    Fertility rate (births per woman): 2.7 (2019)

    Birth rate (births per 1000 people): 21 (2019)

    Death rate (deaths per 1000 people): 4 (2019)

    Median age: 22.1 years (2015)

    Life expectancy (at birth): 75 years (2019)
    Males – 73 years

    Females – 76 years

    Net migration: 51,000 people (2017)

    Language: Arabic is the official language of Jordan

    Religious groups: Sunni Muslims 91.9%, Non-religious/atheists 2.9%, Shia Muslims 2.3%, Christians (mainly Catholics and Greek Orthodox) 2.1%, Other Muslims 0.4%, Other religions 0.3% (2015)

    Ethnic groups: Arabs 97.7%, Armenians 1.3%, Circassians 0.9% (2013)


    GDP: $43.70 bil (2020)

    GDP per capita: $4,282.80 (2020)

    GDP annual growth rate: -1.6% (2020)

    Public debt (% GDP): 94.59% (2019)

    Inflation (CPI): 0.3% (2020)

    Unemployment: 18.5% (2020)

    Imports: $19.3 bil (2019)
    5 largest import partners (% total imports 2019): Saudi Arabia 16.07%, China 15.96%, United States 8.27%, Turkey 4.56%, India 4.46%

    Exports: $8.3 bil(2019)
    5 largest export partners (% total exports 2019): United States 23.66%, Free Zones 11.98%, Saudi Arabia 10.15%, India 8.44%, Iraq 7.64%

    Defence expenditure (% GDP): 4.7% (2018)

    Global Competitiveness Report (World Economic Forum)
    60.9/100 (2019 – position 70/141)

    Index of Economic Freedom (Heritage Foundation)
    64.6/100 (2021 – position 69/180)

    Income Inequality Index (Gini – World Bank)
    35.4% (2013)

    Prosperity Index (Legatum Institute)
    56.41/100 (2021 – position 81/167)

    Military Power

    Active personnel: 90,000
    Army: 77,000
    Navy: 500
    Airforce: 12,500

    Gendarmerie Forces: 15,000 (2021)

    Defence expenditure(%GDP): 5.0% (2018)

    Politics and Government

    Form of government: Constitutional monarchy

    King: Abdullah II of Jordan (1999)
    Prime Minister: Bisher Al Khasawneh (2020)

    Executive branch: The King is head of state and of the executive. Some of his basic competencies include ratification of laws and international treaties, declaring war and peace, calling for elections and dissolving the parliament. The King may only be removed for mental illness. The Prime Minister is appointed by the King and approved by the Parliament while he also nominates the Council of Ministers and acts as an advisor to the King.

    Legislative branch: Legislative power is shared between the Parliament and the King. The 5 members of the Senate (upper house) are appointed by the King for a 4-year term. The House of Representatives (lower house) is comprised of 130 members, of which the 115 are elected directly by the citizens for a 4-year term. The remaining 15 seats are reserved for women. For a law to be implemented, it must be initiated by the House of Representatives, approved by both chambers of the Parliament and ratified by the King.

    Judicial branch: The judiciary is organized in civil, religious and special courts. The judges of civil and religious courts are appointed by the King. Civil courts deal with civil and criminal cases while religious courts deal with conflict resolution concerning personal matters based on religious law. Special courts are comprised of military and administrative courts. The head of the Senate is the president of the High Tribunal which, among others, is responsible for reviewing the constitution if requested to do so. The president of the highest civil court is the head of the Special Tribunal.

    Parliamentary parties: (seats): ): Islamic Action Front (10), Zamzam (5), Islamic Centre Party (5), National Current (4), Justice and Reform Party (2), Civil Alliance (1), Arab Socialist Ba’ath (1), Communist Party (1), National Union (1), Al-Awn (1), Independent (99)

    Last elections: Local elections 2020 – The vast majority of elected officials were independent candidates. From the country’s parties, only the Islamic ones managed to achieve meaningful electoral successes.

    Next elections: Parliamentary elections in November 2024

    Rule of Law - Human Rights

    Corruption Perceptions Index(Transparency International)
    (2020 - position 60/180)

    Rule of Law Index Rule of Law Index
    (2020 - position 50/129)

    Global Terrorism Index (Institute for Economics & Peace)
    (2019 – position 64/163)

    Fragile States Index (Fund For Peace)
    (2021 – position 67/179)

    Democracy Index (Economist Intelligence Unit)
    (2020 – position 118/167)

    Press Freedom Index (Reporters Without Borders)
    (2021 – position 129/180)

    Freedom in the World Index (Freedom House)


    United Nations (UN – Population Division, UNdata, UNcomtrade), World Bank, Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED – St. Louis Fed), International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA), Composition of Religious and Ethnic Group Project (CREG – Cline Center for Advanced Social Research, University of Illinois), Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA), British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), International Institute of Strategic Studies (IISS – Military Balance), Independent Election Commission (of Jordan), Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS), Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), NationMaster